Texts are adapted with permission from various sources, as detailed below.
The U.S. Department of Transportation is responsible for overseeing the uniform observance of daylight saving time in the U.S. as well as U.S. time zones. You can obtain further information by e-mailing firstname.lastname@example.org or by calling (202) 366-9315. Many thanks to Joanne Petrie for help and guidance, and Paul Eggert for corrections.
Sundial story for Detroit from Popular Astronomy, 1901-01. British standard time from Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). Information about Sir Sandford Fleming from The Canadian Encyclopedia Plus (McClelland & Stewart). Details about William Willett from Encyclopaedia Britannica (1911-1927 editions) and internet postings by Doug Spindler and Paul Foxworthy.
Evidence that road fatalities decrease during DST: Broughton J, Sedman RJ. The potential effects on road casualties of double British Summer Time. UK Transport and Road Research Laboratory, research report 228, 1989. Meyerhoff, NJ. The influence of Daylight Saving Time upon motor vehicle fatal traffic accidents. Accident Analysis and Prevention: 10: 207-221, 1978. Joksch HC, Wuerdemann H. The impact of year-round Daylight Saving Time upon traffic deaths and injuries. Center for the environment and Man Inc.; CEM report 4166-506, 1974. British Standard Time and Road Casualties. Transport and Road Research Laboratory, LF213, 1970.
There is occasionally some dispute over the spelling of Sir Sandford Fleming's name. (It is not "Stanford.") Sir Sandford Fleming (1827-1915) is an important figure in Canadian history. Read more about Fleming. There are several schools named after him, including a college in Peterborough, Ontario. Additional information may be found at National Library of Canada and National Research Council Canada. Thanks to A.J. Parl. Thank you to his great great granddaughter Fiona M. MacLean of Louisville, KY who further confirmed the spelling, as her father, brother and nephew are named for him as, John Sandford Fleming MacLean. Thanks also to Ward Cameron for info on Sandford Fleming. Ward is author of "A Natural History and Field Guide to The Canadian Rockies," and several mountain biking books. In the photos with Sandford Fleming, the man holding the hammer is Donald Smith, later Lord Strathcona, who was one of the main financiers of the line. Sandford Fleming is the man standing to his left with the stove pipe hat and the white beard.
For various information about other countries... Thanks to Brett Pickering, Laboratory Supervisor, Palmer Station, Antarctica, for information about Antarctica. Thanks to Stig Hartvig Nielsen regarding Greenland. Thanks to Tulio Fantini regarding Chile. Chilean time inconsistencies from a Copesa article from 10-16 March 1995. New Zealand statistics from various articles, read digest. Palestine from Amos Shapir in the TZ archive. Paraguay law decree no. 16350, dated 2002-02-26. Pakistan experimented with DST for the first time in 2002, ending on 5 Oct 2002 (from Pakistan Herald Publication). Some 80 countries around the world - the vast majority in Europe and North America - already make use of daylight saving time. Asia hardly makes use of daylight saving time. Japan and australia from Leaflet No 27 (pdf) in July 2001 from the National Standards Commission.
Statistics from New South Wales Referendums. Referendum on 1 May 1976. Issue: At present there is a period commonly called 'daylight saving' by which time is advanced by one hour for the period commencing on the last Sunday in October in each year and ending on the first Sunday in March in the following year. Are you in favour of daylight saving ? Returns from 99 electoral districts. RESULTS: Yes 1,882,770 No 868,896 Total Formal 2,751,666 Informal 35,507 Total Votes 2,787,173.
Thank you to Michael Fry for the idea of charting daylight vs. time. Daylight curves from perl module by Ron Hill, as based on code by Paul Schlyter. Note that to preserve bandwidth, the curves are approximate. Near the equator, the curve should have a slight S shape.
Mention of a Private Member's Bill, the British Time (Extra Daylight) Bill of 1995-6 introduced by John Butterfill MP. While this attempt failed, it appeared that the idea that politicians could create extra daylight by legislating for it was unfortunately widespread. From Joseph Myers.
Thanks to Brucie Dolego for help with the spelling and grammar surrounding the phrase "Daylight Saving Time."